Bi Visibility Day is tomorrow, Thursday, September 23. Let's celebrate diversity!
Bisexuality – but shouldn't we speak of bisexualities in the plural, so varied are the paths of these people that it is difficult to fit them into a single label? – is a sexual, loving and emotional orientation that is not well understood. Although it has been present throughout history and in various societies, it remains under studied. According to the sociologist Rommel Mendès-Leitte, bisexuality is the "last taboo" because it questions both monosexuality and the binary division between heterosexuality and homosexuality, bisexuality is a mirror of our societies both in regards our relationship to intimacy and gender constructions. Despite Alfred Kinsey's pioneering investigation and Fritz Klein's research, both of which brought bisexuality out of the shadows, it remains invisible even in LGBTQ+ circles. Beyond their invisibility, bisexuals also experience strong biphobia, sometimes from their partner(s) but also from LGBTQ+ people. Although it is difficult to quantify the exact number of bisexuals – the figures vary between 1 % and 9 % of the populations of several Western countries – they are numerous and go far beyond the simple binarity between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Mirroring our Western norms of love, sexuality and gender, bisexuals studies allows us to question monosexuality and promote the well-being of a population that have been cast aside for too long.
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Dusseau, F. (2017). Les bisexualités, un révélateur social de l’Amour. Revue des sciences sociales, 58, 30-37. https://doi.org/10.4000/revss.289
Ozalas, B. (2020). “What If You Meet Someone Else?”: An Autoethnographic Account of Biphobia and Intimate Partner Emotional Abuse. Journal of Bisexuality, 20(1), 86-103. https://doi.org/10.1080/15299716.2020.1724229
Roberts, T. S., Horne, S. G. et Hoyt, W. T. (2015). Between a Gay and a Straight Place: Bisexual Individuals’ Experiences with Monosexism. Journal of Bisexuality, 15(4), 554-569. https://doi.org/10.1080/15299716.2015.1111183
Trachman, M., Lejbowicz, T. et l’équipe de l’enquête Virage (2018). Les personnes qui se disent bisexuelles en France. Population & Sociétés, 561. https://www.ined.fr/fichier/s_rubrique/28720/population.societes.561.decembre.2018.bisexuels.fr.pdf
Welzer-Lang, D. (2008). Speaking Out Loud About Bisexuality: Biphobia in the Gay and Lesbian Community. Journal of Bisexuality, 8(1-2), 81-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/15299710802142259
Angelides, S. (2001). A History of Bisexuality, Second Edition. University of Chicago Press.
Deschamps, C. (2002). Le miroir bisexuel. Balland.
Eisner, S. (2013). Bi: Notes for a Bisexual Revolution. Seal Press.
Garber, M. (2000). Bisexuality and the Eroticism of Everyday Life. Routledge.
Kinsey, A. (1948/1998). Sexual Behavior in the Human Male. Indiana University Press.
Kinsey, A. (1953/1998). Sexual Behavior in the Human Female. Indiana University Press.
Klein, F. (1993). The Bisexual Option: Second Edition. American Institute of Bisexuality.
Mendès-Leitte, R. (1996). Bisexualité, le dernier tabou. Calmann-Levy.
DeLucia, R. et Grant Smith, N. (2021). The Impact of Provider Biphobia and Microaffirmations on Bisexual Individuals’ Treatment-Seeking Intentions. Journal of Bisexuality, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15299716.2021.1900020
Hayfield, N. et Křížová, K. (2021). It’s Like Bisexuality, but It Isn’t: Pansexual and Panromantic People’s Understandings of Their Identities and Experiences of Becoming Educated about Gender and Sexuality. Journal of Bisexuality, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15299716.2021.1911015
Gonzales, K. A., Flanders, C. E., Pulice-Farrow, L. et Bartnik, A. (2021). “It’s Almost Like Bis, Pans Kind of Stick Together:” Bi + Belonging and Community Connection. Journal of Bisexuality, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/15299716.2021.1927282